New Delhi: A day after three persons, including two women, were killed in a massive fire at a hardware factory in the Jhilmil area of Shahdara, the Delhi Police have arrested factory owners two persons in the case. Deputy Commissioner of Police (Shahdara) Meghna Yadav said they have arrested Adnan and Naeem in the case. “They are the ones who were running the factory,” said DCP Meghna. According to Delhi Fire Services (DFS) officials, the fire broke out at a rubber-plastic factory in Shahdara’s Jhilmil Industrial Area around 9 am. Police said two women and a man were killed in the blaze. The deceased were identified as Manju, Sangeeta and Shoaib, she added. Also Read – Bangla Sahib Gurudwara bans use of all types of plastic itemsTwo bodies were recovered from the second floor and one from the first floor. It took several hours to douse off flames and do off the cooling. The fire department had to connect pipes to a single fire tender because of space constraint. Black smokes were visible from distance. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal visited the factory in Jhilmil area where a major fire broke out that killed three workers as he extended condolences to the family of the deceased. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murder”I visited the site. Brave Delhi Fire Service warriors saved two lives in Jhilmil factory fire. Despite their best efforts, they cud not save the other three. Heartfelt condolences to their families. Reasons of fire still being investigated,” Arvind Kejriwal tweeted after visiting the factory. In January last year, 17 people — 10 women and seven men — were killed in a massive blaze at a firecracker storage unit in outer Delhi’s Bawana Industrial Area.
OTTAWA – The father of a police officer who was gunned down in Quebec is angered and disappointed by the Liberal government’s firearms bill, saying there is nothing in the legislation that would have prevented his son’s death.Michel LeRoux’s son Thierry was shot dead in February 2016 by a man who then took his own life.In a letter this week to Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale, LeRoux says the current laws are flawed because they allowed his son’s killer to have firearms despite a history of violence and psychological troubles.Under the current application and renewal process, personal information helps determine whether someone is eligible for a firearms licence. In addition, “continuous eligibility screening” means criminal behaviour can be flagged for the federal chief firearms officer for review and possible investigation.Federal statistics show 2,223 firearms licences were revoked in 2016, with mental health concerns figuring in 424 of these.The federal bill introduced last month would expand the scope of background checks on those who want to acquire a gun. Instead of just the five years immediately preceding a licence application, personal history questions would cover a person’s entire lifetime.The government says this measure will help keep guns out of the wrong hands.LeRoux, who met Goodale last November, says in his letter that while the step is welcome, it would not have changed anything in his 26-year-old son’s case, since authorities allowed the killer to have guns despite being aware of his mental-health troubles.Goodale is deeply sorry for LeRoux’s loss and wants to carefully consider LeRoux’s letter before responding, said Scott Bardsley, a spokesman for the minister.Goodale would also like to talk to provincial counterparts and others about the notion of requiring medical professionals to advise authorities about people with mental illness who are likely to put the lives of others in danger, Bardsley added.LeRoux says police had many interactions with his son’s killer and even confiscated his weapons at one point, only to return them due to what LeRoux considers a gap in the law.“Do you really think that maintaining the status quo is in the public’s interest?” he says in the letter, made available to The Canadian Press.There is still time to “bring in significant amendments” to the bill that would help protect the public, LeRoux adds.Bardsley said the government looks forward to hearing feedback from a wide range of witnesses during the committee hearings and that it is “open to constructive proposals to strengthen the bill.”The legislation has been criticized by other gun-control advocates as too weak, while some firearms owners have called the bill an attempt to revive the ill-fated long-gun registry.Under the legislation, gun retailers would be required to keep records of firearms inventory and sales for at least 20 years — a measure intended to assist police in investigating gun trafficking and other crimes.The bill would also require the purchaser of a hunting rifle or shotgun to present a firearms licence, while the seller would have to ensure its validity.— Follow @JimBronskill on Twitter
APTN National NewsDuring the election, APTN will be profiling 51 ridings the Assembly of First Nations say Aboriginal voters can make a difference.Riding: LabradorCandidates:Incumbent: Yvonne Jones, LiberalConservative candidate: Peter PenashueNDP candidate: Edward RudkowskiGreen candidate: Mary Lou Harley Quick Facts: Prior to being elected MP for Labrador, Yvonne Jones, Metis, served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Newfoundland and Labrador from 1996-2013. She was Minister of Fisheries in the provincial politics under former premier Roger Grimes.Peter Penasue was the first Innu elected to the House of Commons in the 2011 General Election from Labrador and the first Innu cabinet minister in Canadian history.Penashue served as the minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and president of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada.In March 2013, Penashue stepped down over ineligible campaign donations accepted in the 2011 campaign.NDP candidate Edward Rudkowski, Inuk, was born in Labrador City and raised in Wabush and works in the financial industry.Green candidate Mary Lou taught chemistry at the University of New Brunswick Saint John campus. She has published scientific papers in the fields of chemistry and biology and has particular experience addressing contradictory information in controversial industrial issues.
Inside Syria, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has now delivered vital aid packages to some 60,300 families, benefiting more than 300,000 people, spokesperson Adrian Edwards told reporters in Geneva. “The goal is to provide such assistance to 500,000 people – or 100,000 families – by the end of this year.”Each UNHCR family aid package weighs 42 kilograms and contains blankets, kitchen sets, jerry cans and hygiene materials. Deliveries so far this month have been made to the cities of Hassakeh, Aleppo, Homs, and in and around Damascus, the capital, Mr. Edwards said. Syria has been wracked by violence, with at least 20,000 people, mostly civilians, killed since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began over 20 months ago. The violence has spawned more than 440,000 refugees, while more than 4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to UN estimates. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is mobilizing more than 100,000 children’s clothing kits and around 160,000 blankets, including baby blankets, for displaced children in Syria and surrounding countries. Each clothing kit includes thermal underwear, long trousers, a woolen sweater, socks, woolen gloves and hat, shoes and a winter jacket. “Temperatures are falling fast, down to 5 degrees Celsius this week with expected lows around freezing point,” said the agency’s Deputy Representative in Syria, Ettie Higgins. “We urgently need to get clothing and other essential items to the most vulnerable children, no matter where they are.” UNICEF is particularly concerned about the impact winter will have on children’s health, including increased risk of respiratory conditions. Many of them fled their homes with only summer clothing and are already fragile from the ongoing stress associated with displacement and conflict. Health supplies that will benefit more than 225,000 children for the next three months are also on their way from UNICEF’s warehouse in Copenhagen, Denmark, the agency said in a news release. These include half a million school bags, each containing stationery supplies. Further supplies are being sourced within Syria where possible. “Sourcing supplies from around the world and getting them into Syria is only half the solution,” said Ms. Higgins, adding that UNICEF urgently needs an additional $79 million to support its emergency response in Syria and the four surrounding countries – Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. “We face enormous challenges on the ground because of the security situation, but with our network of dedicated partners we will do everything we can to ensure that children get the warm clothes and blankets that they urgently need.” UNHCR had previously warned that delivering aid throughout Syria has become increasingly hazardous, and Mr. Edwards noted that there had already been a number of security incidents, including the hijacking of three trucks during the last week of October, which were carrying some 1,500 mattresses, and a fire in an Aleppo warehouse reportedly caused by shelling that resulted in the loss of tens of thousands of aid items. Both agencies are delivering supplies to Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries. In Lebanon, UNICEF plans to reach more than 24,000 children with clothing kits and clothing vouchers. In Jordan, 78 heated winter tents for use as child friendly spaces and classrooms will be set up over the next month. Solar panels are also being installed at refugee washing centres in both Jordan and Iraq to provide hot water.
Hakuho and fellow sumo wrestlers train. Tim Foley Snatch Hakuho from his peak, shove him into your DeLorean and send him into any point in the past — including the 1790s — and he will almost certainly be a favorite to stay in the ring, on his feet, against any human or human-like god-giant that he runs into. We know this.But considering his unprecedented domination of his competition, his broad skill set and, yes, even his controversial willingness to push boundaries in pursuit of victory, he can likely match any sumotori legend for legend as well. The shikiri (pre-match ritual) takes several minutes. The wrestlers clap to attract the attention of the gods, lift their hands to show they are unarmed, stomp the ground to scare away demons and throw salt in the ring to purify it. They repeatedly crouch as if about to start the match and then stand up after a few moments of glaring at each other. When they are finally ready, they creep toward their starting stance.There is no bell. The match starts with a tachi-ai (initial charge), which generally happens the instant the opponents are set.Harumafuji lunged from his crouch, low, exploding toward Hakuho in an effort to take control of the bout early. Instead, he caught a quick palm to the face — and then air. His momentum carried him clear out of the other side of the ring, like he’d tried to bull-rush a ghost.The match had lasted one second.Kisenosato scowled and walked out of the ring area. Commentators didn’t quite know what to say; one of the English announcers let out a long “hmmmmm.” The crowd booed its champion.This is not normally how a match of this scale plays out. Side-stepping an opponent’s charge is legal but considered beneath the dignity of top sumotori. The move is known derisively as a henka (変化), which translates to “change” or “changing,” while connoting the root “strange” (変). That it would be used by an all-time great in one of the most consequential matches of his career was strange indeed.With all Hakuho has accomplished, his greatness is unquestionable, but his legacy is an enigma. It is already beyond being measured by wins and losses, or even by yusho (tournament wins) or sansho (special prizes), so incidents like this now take on particular importance. But judging him by heel turns would be reductive. The best way to measure Hakuho’s legacy is to pit it against legend.Enter thunder and lightning. The final match of the 2016 Haru Basho — one of six professional sumo tournaments held each year — was a day-15 championship-deciding showdown between the sport’s top yokozuna.1Yokozuna, 横綱 (literal: “horizontal rope”), means “grand champion.” Named after the decorative rope that yokozuna wear during their ring-entering ceremony. Officially recognized as the highest rank in 1909. Hakuho, the White Peng,2Hakuho (白鵬) translates literally to “White Peng.” Peng is a mythological Chinese bird described in Zhuangzi as being so large that “his wings are like clouds draped across the heavens.” the dominant force in sumo over the past decade, was 13-1 in the tournament and hadn’t lost since his opening match.If he could beat rival Harumafuji — himself a winner of seven Grand Tournament championships — Hakuho would win a record 36th Emperor’s Cup, about the equivalent of a 24th major in tennis or golf.3Since 1926, the winner of each honbasho (official tournament) has received the Emperor’s Cup. There have been six honbasho per year since 1958. If he lost, he would have to wrestle again (almost immediately) in a tiebreaker against 13-2 ozeki4Ozeki, 大関 (literal: “great barrier”), means “champion” and is presently the highest rank besides yokozuna. (Before 1909, yokozona was a ceremonial title and ozeki was the highest rank.) Kisenosato, who was waiting ringside. Tegata are collectible autographs featuring a wrestler’s name and handprint. The one on the left is allegedly Raiden’s; on the right is Hakuho’s. These are not necessarily to scale. Raiden’s hands are said to have been 9.4 inches from palm to tip. Fish scales of greatnessThere is perhaps no more intricate ritual among sports fans than debating the relative merits of greats across eras.Over time, athletes get stronger, faster and better-trained, and benefit from accumulated institutional knowledge. NFL kickers, for example, have been getting better at a nearly constant rate for 80-plus years. So we have meta-debates about whether athletes should get more credit for dominating the competition in an earlier, top-heavy era or for excelling in a mature sport with a broader talent pool. For example, who’s the more impressive outlier, Dan Marino or Peyton Manning?If we want to imagine athletes from different times competing, do we assume they would have enjoyed all the advantages and disadvantages of the comparison era, or do we focus on strict time-traveling scenarios? And, crucially, in time-traveling scenarios, are you bringing present-day athletes into the past, or are you snatching past legends and bringing them to the present?From what we know about his career, Raiden won more often than Hakuho on a bout-by-bout basis. Yet though Raiden’s career was longer in years, it was short on matches. Here’s every Makuuchi division sumo career for comparison: Raiden, on the other hand, was well above average in height, weight and BMI. At 6-foot-6, he was just about 6 inches taller than his typical opponent, and his 373-pound weight gave him an 80-pound advantage. But there’s an important factor here: Relatively speaking, Raiden isn’t that much bigger than Hakuho. Raiden was about an inch and a half taller and 25 to 35 pounds heavier. Hakuho, by virtue of being less massive than many opponents, is especially strong and/or skilled for his size. In other words, because of the size difference across eras, Hakuho has the advantages of a smaller, more agile fighter without the disadvantage of being that much smaller than Raiden.Note that this is a minor variation from the standard “people get better over time” argument, because it applies relative to their era. It’s not only that Hakuho has been as dominant as he has been in a likely tougher era, but also that his dominance is a product of qualities (strength/speed/skill) that also would be likely to advantage him against Raiden. Tournaments grew in size, length and quantity throughout the 1900s, and in 1958, sumo adopted the current structure of six grand tournaments per year (one every two months), with 15 matches each. Both Raiden and Hakuho are clearly the top wrestlers in their given eras, but how good are they relative to how good we expect top wrestlers in their eras to be?For this chart, I’ve plotted historical win percentages for wrestlers ranked ozeki or higher, with the number of years they competed at those ranks represented by bubble sizes: Raiden’s career — like Hakuho’s — didn’t pass without controversy. It’s said that on account of Raiden’s dominance, some of his favored techniques were at least temporarily banned from the sport. And for reasons that appear to be lost to history, he was never awarded the title yokozuna. The Yokozuna Stone at the Tomioka Hachiman Shrine — home of the first professional sumo tournament — has the names of every yokozuna inscribed on it, plus one: the “peerless rikishi”6Rikishi, 力士 (literal: “powerful man”), means professional sumo wrestler. Raiden.This is the burden of Hakuho’s dominance: He is no longer competing with his peers; he’s competing with the peerless. The highest-ranked sumo wrestlers like Hakuho wear the yokozuna rope during dohyo-iri (the ring-entering ceremony). Tim Foley Hakuho — born Monkhbatyn Davaajargal and given the shikona Hakuho Sho — is the son of a six-time Mongolian wrestling champion and Olympic silver medalist in freestyle wrestling. Despite his pedigree, Hakuho was an undersized sumo prospect — weighing only 137 pounds when he started training at age 15 — and almost went unrecruited. Although he would eventually reach 6-foot-4 and competes at around 330-340 pounds today, he is lighter and thinner than the majority of his opponents. Taller, heavier wrestlers win (a little) more often — hence sumo wrestlers tend to be, well, big. But the relationship between size and success isn’t nearly as strong as you might think, and it gets weaker if you control for division and era.7In a regression to win percentage per tournament using height and body mass index (we use BMI instead of weight because height and weight are highly correlated) as variables, the r-squared produced is around .05 (meaning, roughly, that about 5 percent of the variance in tournament results can be explained by the height and weight of each wrestler alone), which, again, weakens as you control for division and era. However, the sample sizes are large enough to pick up meaningful trends.For this chart, I’ve compared the relative importance of height and weight for predicting top-division wrestlers’ win-loss rate in a given tournament. Values above 2 are roughly “significant” for a given five-year period.8I ran regressions for each year over a rolling five-year period and recorded the t-value (strength of stat divided by standard error) for “height” and “BMI.” Also, each bubble is colored to show how many “wins above replacement ozeki” (WAROZ) each wrestler would be expected to win over the course of their career, based on their win percentage relative to their era and projecting as if they’d wrestled 90 bouts per year as healthy wrestlers do today. By this metric, Hakuho leads all with 182 WAROZ (and counting), with second-place going to Tachiyama (who had 115 wins and eight ties in 128 bouts between 1909 and 1918) at 175. Raiden finishes eighth with 143 WAROZ.Here we can see that top ozeki winning a huge percentage of their matches seems to have been almost expected hundreds of years ago. This is consistent with a number of things we know about sumo tournaments back then: With less focus on “winning,” they were a bit more like exhibitions. And we know that opponents were sometimes literally picked out of the crowd.11This is how Raiden’s mentor, Tanikaze, got his start. Hakuho, however, competes in an environment in which losses for top-level wrestlers are considerably more common than they were in Raiden’s time, but he has maintained an extremely high win percentage nonetheless.Behold the henkaYokozuna face a lot of pressure to retire the instant they start to decline. It’s considered dishonorable to hold the rank of yokozuna and not be among the best in the sport.12When a maegashira (the fifth-highest rank in sumo) beats a yokozuna, it is called a kinboshi (“gold star”) and earns the maegashira a special bonus payment — which they receive every tournament for the rest of their career. So a yokozuna sticking around past their prime is literally costly to the sumo association. So although we’ve made the argument that Hakuho might have an advantage over Raiden in both prowess and résumé, recent events raise a third, more fraught point of comparison: legacy.After Hakuho’s win by henka at the Haru basho, Mark Buckton of The Japan Times — a former amateur sumo wrestler who has covered professional sumo for 18 years — called for the White Peng’s exit. Addressing Hakuho directly, he writes:At its lowest ebb, following the hazing death of Tokitaizan and former yokozuna Asashoryu feigning injury the only yokozuna worth his salt in both performances on the dohyo and behavior off it was yourself.True, you are still the best there is in a mawashi.And that is how you should be remembered.Not as a man who resorts to a final day henka against a fellow yokozuna, on his way to yusho No. 36.Go now and you go in true Japanese fashion, falling on your sword for that Day 15 performance so unworthy of your name.In a phone interview, Buckton said that he thought Hakuho’s henka was disgraceful and that he was confident most Japanese sumo fans felt the same way. He said he believes the move was akin to an act of desperation — Hakuho sees his skills slipping and is resorting to dirty tactics in a last-ditch effort to stay on top of a sport that isn’t merely competitive exhibition but has its roots as a martial art in Shinto.That’s fair enough. But for cold-blooded empiricists obsessed with win-maximization, this may all seem strange. If henka aren’t banned, not using them is just bad game theory, right?Unfortunately, henka are hard to analyze with data. They aren’t considered a winning move themselves, and only winning moves are recorded. Hakuho’s win was scored as a tsukiotoshi (“thrust down”). What even constitutes a henka is not clear-cut — particularly in instances in which they fail.However, what little evidence we have suggests that they work. Lon Howard of Sumo Fan Magazine attempted to crowd-source some henka data by having readers nominate matches that contained possible henka and then asking the readership to vote on whether they actually were. Overall, the possible henka led to victory 63 percent of the time; among a subset of moves that voters were certain were henka,13Attempts with agreement and 10 or more votes. that figure rises to 92 percent.Although that data isn’t conclusive, it makes sense. If you’re playing rock-paper-scissors and your opponent does nothing but throw rock for 250 years, throwing paper may be very effective.Stigma-based policing of the sport’s standards is defensible. Normalizing the henka might fundamentally change the sport’s dynamics too much, but outlawing it may create a havoc of gray areas. But such a defense should anticipate that sternly discouraging the move may not prevent its selective employment by a wily rikishi with a New England Patriots-style commitment to winning.In a tear-soaked post-match interview, Hakuho appeared to express regret for the tournament ending the way it did. But he did not clarify his side-step’s strategic underpinnings, such as whether it was planned, or a response to something he saw while the wrestlers were getting set, or a reflexive reaction to Harumafuji’s charge itself.But regardless of premeditation, consider the story told on the faces of the competitors: A quarter-millennium of Sumo evolutionHakuho vs. Raiden isn’t a story of a sport that has stayed the same for hundreds of years, allowing us to make clean, crisp comparisons between the two champions. But it isn’t a story of a sport changing every couple of years either.Although there have been significant structural changes — like the setting of tournaments at 15 matches long, the introduction of tiebreakers, and the treatment of yokozuna as an official rather than ceremonial rank — the sport is always fundamentally about knocking the other guy down or getting him to step out of the ring first. Many trends happen over decades or centuries, caused by whims of history that can be hard to pick up in a data set.But some simple metrics — like wrestler height and weight — can tell a pretty interesting story. And to understand how Raiden and Hakuho match up with each other, it helps to understand how they compare physically to their eras. Raiden Tameemon. Explore 250 years of sumo data Hakuho trains in 2014. See more: A History Of Sumo, an interactive graphic by FiveThirtyEight showing centuries of sumo wrestlers, and The Sea of Crises, a 2014 Grantland article on sumo and Japanese culture.CORRECTION (May 13, 5:30 p.m.): An earlier version of this article included a photograph that was incorrectly described as portraying Hakuho. It has been replaced with the correct photo. Hakuho and Harumafuji one second after the start of their bout in March. Kyodo The growing international talent poolIf a hypothetical tale of the tape across a couple of centuries is a little too abstract for you, consider that the dramatic shift in the balance of power in sumo’s demographics that has been taking place of late also has implications for our matchup.Before 1972, no non-Japanese wrestler had ever won a basho. The first was Takamiyama, a Hawaiian sekiwake (the third rank, behind yokozuna and ozeki) who otherwise had a relatively undistinguished career as a sumotori. But he then founded the Azumazeki stable — one of the regimented groups of wrestlers who live and train together and to which all active rikishi belong. There he recruited and trained Chad Rowan — a former high school basketball all-star from Hawaii — who took the shikona Akebono, became the first non-Japanese yokozuna and won 11 Emperor’s Cups.Today, international wrestlers have taken over the sport. In January 2016, then-31-year-old Japanese ozeki Kotoshogiku won his first tournament. This might have been an unremarkable event, except that it was the first tournament won by any Japanese wrestler since January of 2006. Of the 58 tournaments in between, 56 were won by Mongolians; the other two were won by a Bulgarian (Kotooshu) and an Estonian (Baruto).Here’s how this has played out since 1970: Note that Japan’s share of champions will improve by at least a tick in 2016, while Mongolia’s will decline, after the country’s three-year stretch of winning all the tournaments.Mongolia has had all this success with only a small fraction of the sport’s wrestlers — around a quarter of those in the top (Makuuchi) division and less than 5 percent of those who compete overall. This likely is because the Nihon Sumo Kyokai (the sport’s governing body) limits each stable to one non-Japanese wrestler, so the standards for foreign prospects are extremely high.This carries some likely implications:Most obviously, the non-Japanese pool of sumo talent is likely growing faster than the number of slots for non-Japanese talent. This probably advantages Hakuho’s strength of competition in our matchup because it implies that he could be the best of a much bigger talent pool than sumo wrestlers of the past. It also implies that while the non-Japanese wrestlers make the talent pool stronger than it was, limited roster slots for them keep it weaker than it could be.On the other hand, the sumo talent from Japan may be declining. Sumo requires major physical (putting on weight) and time (years of non-stop training) commitments. Sumotori lead rigid and structured lifestyles year-round, the potential for fame and fortune isn’t that great, and Japan has an advanced economy that may afford better opportunities to athletic Japanese youth.But even a relatively weak Japan today could be stronger than a relatively strong Japan more than 200 years ago. The population of Japan is now about five times the size of what it was when Raiden was active, making the pool of potential sumotori that much richer.10Moreover, the talent pool back then may have been even smaller relative to today’s than the population numbers suggest, as the vast majority of sumo wrestlers used to come from just the Hokkaido prefecture. This painting of sumo wrestlers by Utagawa Kuniteru II, shown in full on the lower right, is from 1867. In the closeup views at left and top right, Raiden, who is without a yokozuna rope, is pictured among several of the top-ranked wrestlers. The basic style and structure of banzuke have gone unchanged for hundreds of years. The one on the left, from 1796, lists Raiden as the top-ranked ozeki in the West division. On the right is a banzuke from 2012 that lists Hakuho as the top-ranked yokozuna in the East. The average height of sumo wrestlers appears to have declined between the mid-1700s and late 1800s but has been rising fairly steadily since.9Yes, according to the data, there was a wrestler in the late 1700s who was (allegedly) 7-foot-4. He was an ozeki named Shakagatake and had several (winning) appearances in the 1770s before dying at age 26. There is art depicting him as a giant.In the latter half of the 20th century, this upward trend has been aided by the arrival of non-Japanese wrestlers, who have tended to be tall. Note the non-red dots on the charts; they tend to be well above the overall trend.For BMI, we see a similar rise for all rikishi, but with a clear divergence between the tall and heavy Americans and the tall but relatively slender Mongolians.The American (green) wrestlers, all from Hawaii and of Pacific island ancestry, have tended to be huge — both tall and hefty for their height — and had a pretty good run for a while between 1989 and 2002. Konishiki won a few tournaments and then yokozuna Akebono and Musashimaru solidly contended for top honors (becoming the first two non-Japanese yokozuna in the process).But the Mongolians — who have had four yokozuna — tend to be less hefty than their Japanese counterparts, defying the trend of the past 50 years.Compared with the other top-level sumo wrestlers who have been active during his career, Hakuho, at 6 foot 4, is about 3 inches taller than average, but his top tournament weight (in our data) of 340 pounds is 5 pounds lighter than average (putting his BMI well below par). Before Hakuho (born in 1985), before Taiho (born in 1940), before Hitachiyama (born in 1874), before Jinmaku (born in 1829), before the United States of America (born in 1776), there was Raiden.A legend of Japan’s Edo period, Raiden set a standard for greatness in the sport that would last hundreds of years. With centuries separating the two legends’ careers, Raiden vs. Hakuho may be one of the most time-bending sports comparisons imaginable.Fortunately, we have data.The visual history of sumoAs far back as the 18th century, a banzuke listing each wrestler’s rank in the hierarchy of professional sumo has been made before each honbasho (official tournament), often with elaborate detail. Some have visual guides to the various wrestlers and act as a kind of program to the events; others resemble intricate box scores. These collectibles have preserved vital information about which wrestlers were involved in each tournament, including their shikona (ring names), ranks (seedings) and hometowns.Banzuke are the backbone of sumo stats-keeping; other information such as tournament and match results that are gathered from historical newspapers or books all tie back to them. Alexander Nitschke (a German sports data nerd) has a website called Sumo Reference where he has combined banzuke information with other sources of tournament data — including by hand-parsing thousands of lower-division match results for years — to make the most comprehensive sumo data set on the internet. It includes tournament results for most contestants going back to 1761 and individual match results for bouts back to mid-1909. He has let us use that database for this article.Below is a chart that outlines the entire recorded history of Makuuchi division (top-level) professional sumo, from the 1761 Fuyu (winter) Basho through the now-infamous 2016 Haru (spring) Basho. Before around 1900, height and weight had a fairly tenuous relationship with winning. It has gotten stronger in the past century, but size advantages have never been much of a guarantee of success. For a modern example: In the 1980s and 90s, Konishiki — an ozeki who topped 600 pounds — often faced off against Wakanohana, a future yokozuna who was an inch or so shorter and more than 300 pounds lighter. Konishiki went 2-8 against him.Sumo styles can broadly be broken down into two types: Oshi-sumo, or “thrusting” style, and Yotsu-sumo, or “grappling” style. The former is about brute force and pushing your opponent out of the ring; the latter is more about forcing your opponent to the ground or using their momentum against them.As one might expect because of their sizes, Raiden preferred the Oshi-sumo style, and Hakuho the Yotsu. The trade-off for height and weight is pretty basic: Being big makes a wrestler harder to move, but less agile; being small can make it easier for a wrestler to maneuver but leaves him vulnerable.In the 20th century, there appears to have been a period in which larger-than-average wrestlers were more successful than they had been in the past (or are today), at a time in which the average wrestler was growing larger than ever.In this chart, I’ve plotted the height and BMI for each of the top-division wrestlers for each tournament, colored by country of origin: Hakuho has won 36 grand tournaments, more than any other professional sumo wrestler in history. TIM FOLEY Although the discipline of sumo wrestling may have existed in various forms for well over a millennium, it isn’t the sport stuck in time that it is sometimes made out to be. It has experienced controversy throughout its history. In the 17th century, the unseemly practice of samurai wrestling each other for money was banned, only to be brought back with official sanction and standardized rules.The first known professional tournament was held in 1684, and the first sumo organizations began issuing written rankings in the mid-1700s — just in time to document the rise of sumo’s most legendary figure.Raiden was born Seki Tarokichi in 1767 — about 100 years before the Edo period ended — and competed under the shikona of Raiden Tameemon. Raiden is a combination of “thunder” (雷) and “lightning” (電) and translates roughly to “thunderbolt.” Mentored by the first non-posthumous yokozuna, Tanikaze, Raiden was a legend trained by a legend. He went undefeated in 24 out of the 35 tournaments he entered, and despite a much shorter tournament structure that had no method for breaking ties, Raiden finished with the most wins outright in 17 tournaments and tied for the most wins in 11 more. As there were no official tournament winners until 1909, none of these are considered official “yusho” or tournament wins, but no one would top 28 tournaments (officially or unofficially) for more than 150 years.The Thunderbolt was an absolute monster among men — 6-foot-6 and 373 pounds — large enough to physically overpower opponents of the day. His top-division win-loss record of 254-10 (96 percent) is easily the best in recorded sumo history.5If you adjust for draws, which have essentially vanished from the sport these days, Raiden’s effective win percentage drops to 93. But the gap between him and his closest competition grows, with no other wrestlers reaching 90 percent. Hakuho has won 85 percent of his upper-division matches, leading modern-era wrestlers.
Source: ESPN 2010-1151.36 SEASONSHARE OF REBOUNDSRANK 2013-1452.21 2011-1251.45 2012-1351.85 When Oklahoma City added Paul George and Carmelo Anthony this offseason, there was speculation about whether the two would diminish the brilliance of Russell Westbrook. Three games into the season, Westbrook appears unfazed, already hinting at another triple-double season. However, the George and Anthony moves do seem to have had an effect on another piece of the team’s core identity: For the first time in a decade, the Thunder are struggling to rebound.The Thunder have grabbed just 47.5 percent of available rebounds in their first three games — about 6 percentage points lower than last year and 24th in the league. As a team, the Thunder haven’t finished outside the top 10 since they moved to Oklahoma City. 2016-1753.41 2014-1552.62 2017-1847.5%24 2015-1654.71 2009-1051.76 The Thunder’s rebounding is off this yearRebound rate for Oklahoma City, through Oct. 24, 2017 2008-0950.87 Three games aren’t a lot to go on. There’s all manner of small sample size nonsense around the league that isn’t likely to hold up: Kevin Durant is not going to average four blocks a game, and the Cavaliers won’t field a lineup that is outscored by 100 points per 100 possessions (uh, probably). But with the Thunder’s rebounding, there’s reason to suspect these early struggles on the glass may signal an underlying change in the team.For years the Thunder had more rebounding than it knew what to do with, and rebounding, unlike shooting, carries steep diminishing returns. This made the team’s allocation of skills unusually lopsided, even as it shed a lot of rebounding in the past two offseasons. The summer of 2016 saw the departure of Durant — one of the best rebounding small forwards in the league — as well as Serge Ibaka, who was traded to Orlando, but the Thunder still managed to finish first in rebounding last season.This offseason, Enes Kanter, who is virtually unplayable on the defensive end but one of the best rebounders in the league, went to New York in the trade for Anthony. Domantas Sabonis, whose draft rights were acquired in the Ibaka trade, was a throw-in to the deal for George with Indiana. The trades have forced the Thunder to play almost exclusively small, with Patrick Patterson slowly working his way into the rotation after offseason knee surgery and looking very rough in the minutes he’s seen. The team has undeniably added talent with George and Anthony, but it has also traded big-for-small — and may have weakened its bedrock identity in the process.Through three games, Anthony has more made 3-pointers (7) than he does rebounds (6) as the starting power forward. George has fared better on the glass, but his 8.9 total rebound rate would still be a career low. The proposition was that Anthony and George both rebound well for their positions, and Westbrook is one of the best rebounding guards of all time. But with the small-ball starting lineup being badly outrebounded, it’s an open question just how valuable that out-of-position rebounding really is.Westbrook took a lot of flak a season ago for piling up empty rebounds — “deferred” rebounds, in the nerd parlance — that saw his big men box out so he could collect the board and rip up the court. The NBA hasn’t begun publishing player tracking stats yet this season, so we don’t have a breakdown on how many of Westbrook’s rebounds have been contested, but it’s going to be something to keep an eye on. Rebounding is essentially a team stat, but if Russ can collect 9.3 rebounds per game with a 15.7 rebound rate from the point guard position and his team still doesn’t win out on the glass, it calls the value of those boards into question. Either Westbrook’s rebounds are a little less valuable than we believed or the Thunder’s new-look roster has rebounded so poorly that Westbrook’s outsized contribution doesn’t matter. (Or, you know, it’s one week and three games and we need to settle down.)So far, the rebounding dropoff has cost the Thunder a little more than 4 points per game in second-chance points compared with last season. (They’re at -1.7 in net second-chance points, down from +2.6 in 2016-17.) This is a very noisy way to look at rebounding, but it’s also the most material way. OKC was outrebounded 58-45 against the Timberwolves on Sunday night in a game it ultimately lost on a buzzer-beater. That’s not the sort of game Oklahoma City is accustomed to dropping. But if the Thunder keep boarding like they have early on, they may have to get used to it.Check out our latest NBA predictions.
“We are not aware at this stage that any previous intelligence contributed to these types of searches being implemented against female supporters.”The letter also claimed full body searches were carried out on children as young as five, with stewards branded “antagonistic”.Stevenage responded by announcing they had launched an internal investigation, while the EFL said it was looking into the matter as well. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A complaint that female fans were forced to show their bras to stewards before Stevenage’s match against Grimsby Town was under investigation on Monday.Both Stevenage and the EFL were examining allegations away supporters were ordered to lift their tops while queuing to get into Saturday’s League Two fixtures between the clubs.An open letter sent to Stevenage by Grimsby Town fans group the Mariners Trust also accused stewards of asking to feel the underwiring of any bras during the “gross invasion of privacy”.It read:“Several female supporters were asked to lift their tops up to show their bras to female stewards upon entry to the Lamex Stadium. This decision – in the queue in front of other supporters, including men and male stewards – is a gross invasion of privacy.“Female supporters have also since contacted us to state they were asked by female stewards if they could feel their bras if they confirmed that they were underwired. The supporters were made to feel uncomfortable and when they replied they would ‘rather not’ they were ‘reluctantly’ let into the ground.“This act would effectively constitute a sexual assault and these types of searches are unlawful. If deemed necessary, although we cannot see how feeling an underwire in a bra could be deemed so unless acting on previous intelligence, then any fans in question should have been taken to a private area of the ground to be searched by a female steward rather than being searched in full view of male stewards, fans and police.
Algues vertes : les écologistes déçus par le plan d’actions du gouvernementFrance – A l’issue de la mission interministérielle chargée de proposer des actions de lutte contre la prolifération des algues vertes, le gouvernement a présenté son plan de 134 millions d’euros (voir article). Les écologistes se disent extrêmement déçus par une opération qu’ils jugent uniquement esthétique et estiment que les agriculteurs sont trop épargnés.”Les Verts ne peuvent que constater le manque d’ambition des mesures proposées, qui relèvent d’une opération cosmétique pour ‘cacher ces algues que l’on ne saurait voir'”, peut-on lire dans un communiqué du parti écologiste.Plusieurs mois après la mort d’un cheval et la grave intoxication de son cavalier sur une plage de Saint Michel-en-Grève, dans les Côtes d’Armor, le gouvernement a présenté un plan visant à réduire le phénomène de prolifération des algues vertes de 30 à 40% d’ici 2015. Développer le ramassage et le traitement des algues, les stocker avant de les méthaniser, modifier les pratiques agricoles dans les zones concernées, imposer aux agriculteurs de consigner les taux de nitrates qu’ils utilisent pour tenter de les réduire au maximum : le gouvernement propose de nombreuses mesures qui, si elles satisfont les agriculteurs, déçoivent les écologistes.”Ce plan n’est pas à la dimension du problème. Il affiche une ambition mais n’a pas les moyens de son ambition” déplore en effet Gilles Huet, de l’association Eau et Rivières. Les écologistes estiment que le budget consacré à l’éradication des algues vertes est insuffisant tandis que les agriculteurs ne sont, selon eux, pas suffisamment punis.”En assumant à la place des agriculteurs l’essentiel des actions correctives, l’État permet à ces derniers d’éviter toute remise en cause et toute prise en charge des ‘externalités’ de leurs pratiques” s’insurgent de leur côté les Verts. Et d’ajouter : “Le gouvernement rate une occasion de réformer une agriculture ultra-intensive qui détruit les sols, les eaux, la biodiversité, l’économie touristique et conchylicole côtière, la santé et le revenu des agriculteurs”.Le 9 février 2010 à 16:33 • Emmanuel Perrin
Before Red Bull, Monster, and Rockstar, there was JOLT Cola. The drink of a generation of nerds, especially computer nerds who needed brain fuel for late-night coding and hacking. It came out in 1985 with twice the caffeine of regular cola, and was popular (at least among nerds like me) through the 90s. It fell by the wayside with broader “energy drinks” like Red Bull popping up, though.JOLT Cola is coming back. Not as Jolt Energy in those weird battery bottles, but as genuine JOLT Cola. In the original can design (or at least a can that’s very similar but with modern nutritional information).Here’s even better news: It isn’t coming back as a pricey boutique soda or an impossible-to-find promotion (I’m looking at you, Pepsi Perfect). You’ll start seeing cans of JOLT Cola appear at Dollar General stores September 21. They’ll be available in 10,000 of Dollar General’s 14,000 stores across the country, though pricing hasn’t been announced. Hopefully it’s a dollar. Also, according to the JOLT representative I talked to, it will have sugar and not corn syrup.I’m excited about JOLT Cola, even if it’s mostly nostalgia. It’s been too long since we’ve had good old-fashioned double-caffeine cola. Energy drinks either taste absolutely terrible or like a whole lot of fruity nothing. A strong cola would be nice. I’ve eased off of energy drinks, myself; trying to cut back, just have regular coffee and tea with a few exceptions. But JOLT? Yeah, I could go for a JOLT.Also, the classic can is the third best energy drink can design ever. I say third best because I’ve had these:BLACKOUT GOD and BLACKOUT DEVIL ZERO! Look at these cans! Drink in their designs! Just don’t actually drink their contents, because they taste absolutely terrible and are a year old. Notice how the KO in BLACKOUT is highlighted in red, like you’re knocking out god with the power of your energy! Check out the radical demon hand holding an orb inside which is the art from the first can! Behold the font choices!Those are Japanese energy drinks you can’t get in the states, and I got them purely for the name and can design. I tried a can once in Osaka, and it tasted like the worst energy drink ever. They look radical, but you can’t get them here and you shouldn’t drink them anyway. That isn’t the case for JOLT Cola, though! If you’re interested, hunt down those old-school hacker fuel cans next month when they pour into Dollar General stores.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Stay on target Pepsi Abandons Dystopian ‘Space Billboard’ Plan for Russian Gamer SodaCoca-Cola Reveals Sci-Fi Soda For ‘Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge&…
West Ham boss Manuel Pellegrini urged Andy Carroll to remain patient with his recovery and added that he’s certain the Englishman will rediscover his best formCarroll’s six and half year spell at West Ham has been blighted by recurring injury problems, which have restricted him to just 136 appearances in total.However, the former Liverpool striker scored his first goal since April in West Ham’s 2-0 FA Cup win over Birmingham on Saturday after returning from an ankle injury.This would have come as a welcome boost for Carrol, who was told last month by Pellegrini that he will have to prove to the club why they should hand him a new contract.“We are very happy with how Andy played,” Pellegrini told the club website.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“If you review his game, he scored, his play was good and he missed another chance to score, he cleared two or three aerial duels in our box, so in the way he plays, he will return to be the player we know he can be.“I never had any doubt Andy Carroll wants to stay here. He is happy here, he wants to play for the club, he is happy in London and he doesn’t want to go anywhere.“He wants to play like every player but he must be patient. When you come back from a long injury and you are not competing weekly, you have to be careful not to get another injury.“That’s why we are giving him some amount of minutes every game. I think if he recovers his shape and continues working every day of the week without any injuries there are not too many players with his quality.”The Hammers will next face Arsenal in a Premier League game this Saturday at their London Stadium.
For the Crystal Palace manager, winning the prestigious tournament would be the highlight of his career.English Premier League team Crystal Palace will visit Football League One side Doncaster Rovers tomorrow in the FA Cup Fifth Round.They will meet at Keepmoat Stadium on Sunday, as the “big guns” of the Premier League are already out of the competition: Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur, and Arsenal.And for manager Roy Hodgson, winning the prestigious tournament would be the highlight of his career.“Winning it would certainly be a highlight and something I would be extremely proud of and glad to do,” said Hodgson to Sport BT.“There will be some good Premier League teams left in the quarter-finals, and in the semi-finals, too, so sooner or later you will come up against a team like Manchester City or Chelsea.”“But I will worry about that when we get there. Let us concentrate on this game first and if we win, then we will see what fate brings and the draw sends us,” he added.“It would be a fantastic situation to find myself in, and I would love to do it, even if I only got a finger on the trophy.”“We are in for a big challenge,” added Hodgson.How Joe Ward thanks his faith for his football Manuel R. Medina – September 13, 2019 Crystal Palace defender, Joel Ward, has thanked his Christian faith for helping him play football professionally and he explains why.“They are doing well at the moment and we have an awful lot of respect for them.”“We have watched a lot of videos of them playing, and we have been impressed by what we have seen,” he added.“They are on a good run of results and it is a home match for them, so it is not going to be easy by any stretch of the imagination.”“We are talking about a team on the verge of the Championship, so we are preparing for a tough ask.”Crystal Palace is in the 13th position of the English Premier League table with 27 points.The team has only won seven matches out of 26 played, with six draws and 13 loses.👀 There were some familiar faces involved the last time we faced @drfc_official #CPFC 🦅 pic.twitter.com/vrkR3HmYK9— Crystal Palace F.C. (@CPFC) February 16, 2019
After the revenue official failed to resolve their land issue, a former Maoist couple locked a tehsildar at his office in Bayyaram of Mahbubabad. Getting into details, the couple, Bhukua Kasiram and Subhadra were alloted 4.20 acre of land under a rehabilitation programme by the government in 2013. They cultivated the land till 2016. Later, a person claimed ownership of land in the same year following which the couple approached tehsildar. Also Read – Sub Collector Mishra reviews arrangements for immersion in Bhadrachalam Advertise With Us As the issue remained pending since then, the couple staged a protest at the revenue office and locked the tehsildar Pulla Rao in his chamber. An hour after the protest, the local SI Muralidhar pacified the couple and assured them to resolve the issue. On the other hand, it was found that the couple were given the land of survey number 202 but was cultivating in survey number 204. It is also learned that the person who claimed the ownership of the land doesn’t have any documents. Moreover, the records showed that the land belongs to the government. Meanwhile, the couple demanded the revenue official to show them their land and resolve the issue. The tehsildar also assured to do justice to the couple.
Hrithik is the winner of Super Singer Junior 6.PR HandoutHrithik has emerged victorious in the sixth season of Super Singer Juniors. While Soorya is the first runner-up, Poovaiyar has ended up at the third place in Vijay TV’s popular show.The winner has walked away with Rs 50 lakh along with a trophy. Soorya bagged Rs 25 lakh worth gold prize, whereas Poovaiyar bagged Rs 10 lakh prize.”I am extremely happy to have won the trophy. I thank the people who voted for me, my trainers, judges and my school for their encouragement,” Hrithik said in his winning speech.The excited father of the winner thanked the entire Vijay TV for giving a platform for his son to show his singing skills. He had special mention for trainers, judges, his school and everyone who are one or the other way related to his son’s success. The curtains for the sixth season of Super Singer Junior was dropped on Sunday, 21 April. The grand finale of the Vijay TV or Star Vijay’s popular was held at the Nehru Stadium in Chennai.This season, six contestats like Ahana, Hrithik, Sinmaye, Anushya, Poovaiyar and Soorya had entered the last stage of Super Singer 6. The budding talents consistently performed well for over five months to enter the grand finale of this season.The show was kicked-off in mid October with the channel bringing in the talents not just from Tamil Nadu, but from parts of world. Week after week, there were eliminations and finally it boiled down to the top six contestants of the season. In the end, Hrithik had the last laugh.The grand finale had two rounds and the winner was choosen based on the marks given by the judges like Shankar Mahadevan, Singer Chithra, Singer SPB charan and Singer Kalpana along with the viewers votes. 1/3 A picture from the grand finale of Super Singer Junior 6.PR HandoutA picture from Super Singer Junior 6 grand finale.PR HandoutVijay TV’s Super Singer Junior 6 grand finale.Vijay TVPreviousNextWhere and how to watch the Super Singer season 6 live online? The netizens can watch the entire program by downloading Hotstar app.Mobile users with an internet connection can catch the action live if they have subscriptions to satellite television providers like Tata Sky. Likewise, the audience can watch Sarkar audio launch from their phones by downloading respective apps from their mobile network operators.For example, if you are using Jio service, download Jio TV to watch the event live.
The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court on Monday cleared way for the continuation of Zia Orphanage Trust graft case against Bangladesh Nationalist Party chairperson Khaleda Zia, reports UNB. A four-member bench led by acting chief justice Abdul Wahhab Miah passed ‘no order’ on a petition filed by Khaleda Zia seeking stay on the trial proceedings and recording deposition of the witnesses of the case.AJ Mohammad Ali stood for Khaleda Zia while lawyer Khurshid Alam Khan for the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC).Earlier on Thursday, the SC set 30 October to deliver its order on the petition.On 22 October, the High Court disposed with observation the petition filed by Khaleda Zia seeking its directive for recording deposition of nine witnesses of state.Besides, the HC rejected an appeal filed for re-examining two witnesses of the case.Later, on 24 October, Khaleda filed petition with the Supreme Court against the HC order.After a hearing, chamber judge of the Appellate Division justice Syed Mahmud Hossain sent the petition to the full bench of the apex court for its hearing.The ACC filed the Zia Orphanage Trust graft case on 3 July, 2008 with Ramna police station accusing Khaleda Zia, her eldest son Tarique Rahman, now living in the UK after securing bail, and four others for misappropriating over Tk 21 million (2.10 crore) that came as grants from a foreign bank for orphans.
DEAL OF THE DAY Bestseller ENDS IN $147.95$239.99 $194.70$379.95 Bestseller DEAL OF THE DAY DEAL OF THE DAY DEAL OF THE DAY ENDS IN Samsung Galaxy Watch Active – Black Smart Watch $198.85$199.99 Bestseller $294.99$295.99 Bestseller (426) DEAL OF THE DAY The upcoming product, labeled as a “smart wearable” with FCC ID A3LSMR830, is reportedly an iteration of the Galaxy Watch Active launched a few months ago. The round watch comes with Samsung’s One UI on top of its wearable Tizen OS.Rumors are circulating that Samsung will be adding a touch bezel on the smartwatch but it is hard to confirm based only on the posted images. The touch bezel would allow users to navigate the watch UI by swiping their finger around the edge.It is encased in a 40mm aluminum case, has a 4GB storage, with GPS, with 5ATM water resistance capability, and comes with Gorilla Glass DX+ glass. Based on the specs from the leaked photos, the watch has a military standard toughness rating of MIL-STD-810.Specs Based On Previous RumorsThe new watch will have a slight redesign from its predecessor and might come in two sizes: 40mm and 44mm, with 1.2-inch and 1.4-inch Super AMOLED screens. It will have Bluetooth 5.0 capability and will be available on LTE, Wi-Fi only, and UA models.Just the same with the original Galaxy Active Watch, the new version is expected to come with an Exynos 9110 chip inside. It is anticipated to support ECG heart rate tracking, and fall detection.New Smartwatch Coming In August?Samsung’s highly anticipated Unpacked Event at the Barclays Center in New York on Aug. 7 is dedicated for the Galaxy Note 10 launch. However, speculation is high that the Galaxy Watch Active 2 will also be unveiled on that date.Smartwatches are being used as standalone devices without phones. Samsung launched the first Galaxy Watch Active in May, priced at under $200, and available in all-black and rose gold color versions.Regarded by reviewers as an excellent smartwatch for Samsung fans, the Galaxy Watch Active works best when paired with Samsung phones. It also works well with other Android phones, and users can enjoy most of its core features with an iPhone except for the texting feature. TAG Samsung, Galaxy Active Watch, SmartWatch Samsung Galaxy Smartwatch (42mm) Rose Gold (Bluetoot… DEAL OF THE DAY Bestseller $5.99$14.99 (19) ENDS IN Ads by Amazon Close Galaxy Watch Active 2, Samsung’s iteration of its recently launched smartwatch will soon become available. The Federal Communications Commission posted images and specs of the rumored smartwatch. ( Samsung ) Rumored images of Samsung’s new smartwatch have surfaced on the Federal Communications Commission website. Some of the leaked information reveals notable details about the Galaxy Watch Active 2.The photos were spotted on the FCC website where the agency posts approval requests and pictures of products. The images were supposedly from Samsung’s documents.What The FCC Leak Revealed So FarThere were previous leaked images of the unannounced smartwatch, but the latest photos showed particular details including the front and rear faces of the device, parts of the user interface, and some additional specs. DEAL OF THE DAY Ads by Amazon Samsung Galaxy Watch (42mm) Smartwatch (Bluetooth) And… (49) $171.99$171.99 (131) IQ Shield Screen Protector Compatible with Samsung Ga… Bestseller Samsung Galaxy Watch (42mm) 4G LTE SM-R815UZKAXAR -… (2046) Bestseller (485) Samsung Gear Sport Smartwatch, Black (SM-R6… ENDS IN $233.00$349.99 DEAL OF THE DAY Bestseller ENDS IN $9.95$9.95 Related Products (109) ENDS IN (424) ENDS IN ENDS IN Samsung Galaxy Watch Active (40mm) Rose Gold AllVideo On Demand: Rent or BuyClothing & AccessoriesMajor AppliancesArts, Crafts & SewingAutomotiveBaby & NurseryBeauty & GroomingBooks & TextbooksCollectible CoinsCamera & PhotoCell Phones & AccessoriesClassical MusicComputers, Tablets & ComponentsBlu-Ray & DVDElectronic Components & Home AudioEntertainment CollectiblesVideo GamesOther Gift Card BrandsGrocery & Gourmet FoodPatio, Lawn & GardenHealth & HouseholdBusiness & Industrial SuppliesJewelryKindle StoreKitchen & DiningMagazinesMiscellaneousDigital MusicCDs & VinylMusical InstrumentsOffice & School SuppliesPet Food & SuppliesPatio, Lawn & GardenShoes, Handbags, Wallets, SunglassesSoftwareSports CollectiblesSports & FitnessHome ImprovementToys & GamesVHSVideo GamesWatches All KPYJA (2-Pack) for Samsung Galaxy Watch Active Screen… ⓒ 2018 TECHTIMES.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.
The data are about to pour in, ready to narrow the field. During the past five months, while CHIME has been in a commissioning phase, researchers have found more bursts that they haven’t publicly released. Team members hope to start the official observing run in April. The Australian Square Kilometer Array, a network of 36 radio dishes in western Australia, is also trawling for more examples and working to pinpoint their exact homes. And within a few years, so will HIRAX: an array of dishes in South Africa, Botswana and Rwanda that will hunt FRBs in an environment free from ambient radio signals.After years of sparse data and theoretical daydreaming, a solution finally seems within reach. In mid-February, FRB-curious astronomers met in Amsterdam to share new, please-don’t-post-this-on-Twitter discoveries and discuss the idea that neutron stars are in some way responsible. “That is what is so nice about his theory coming out just recently,” wrote Amanda Weltman, a theoretical astrophysicist at the University of Cape Town, in an email. “It is a perfect time.” The researchers debated Metzger’s model, presented at the meeting by his coauthor Margalit, but wouldn’t yet commit to it. “We are on the verge of convergence,” Tendulkar said. “Let’s just put it that way.”Original story reprinted with permission from Quanta Magazine, an editorially independent publication of the Simons Foundation whose mission is to enhance public understanding of science by covering research developments and trends in mathematics and the physical and life sciences. Lucy Reading-Ikkanda/Quanta MagazineAll this is still tenuous, but the idea is ready to pass or flunk based on what happens next in the FRB story. It’s the most quantitative, deeply thought-out scenario yet. “They’ve done the most-detailed calculations, and they’ve been able to make the most-specific observational predictions,” Spitler said.Metzger’s model predicts a number of specific features that future FRBs should share. For one: All future FRBs should follow the same downward shift in frequency. They might show gamma-ray or X-ray emission, which astronomers such as Spitler have already started to hunt for. They should live in galaxies that are forming lots of new stars and producing fresh magnetars. And when they do repeat, they should take breaks from bursting after astronomers observe a major flare. At that point, the system is so choked with material that subsequent flashes can’t make it out.Metzger’s model now faces a crowded bracket of other, still-viable theories. FRBs could be a consequence of merging neutron stars, which lit up both telescopes and gravitational-wave detectors for the first time in 2017. Neutron stars might also make FRBs when they crash into other objects like black holes or white dwarfs, when they themselves collapse into black holes, or when their magnetic field lines are plucked by fierce winds of plasma.And it’s not even clear if FRBs all come from a single kind of event. While Metzger’s model has a “stranglehold” on observations of the first repeater, said the astrophysicist Victoria Kaspi, also at McGill, “I personally am always a little nervous when something is so tailored to one source.” Compared with the repeaters, perhaps one-off bursts come from entirely different sources. Or, as Spitler and others pointed out last November, all FRBs might turn out to repeat if astronomers only waited around for long enough. To Metzger’s team, this last clue seemed oddly familiar. In the 1950s, physicists studied the blast waves of nuclear weapons to estimate their yields. In these models, the shock fronts from nuclear explosions sweep up more gas as they expand outward. That extra weight slows down the shock, and because it slows, radiation released from the shock front shifts downward in frequency thanks to the Doppler effect.Metzger had been thinking this blast wave effect might hint at the true nature of FRBs when suddenly, in early January, the haul from the CHIME telescope included another repeating event. This one’s repeating radio signals showed the same downward frequency drift. “The idea was there with the first repeater,” Metzger said, “but seeing that feature of FRBs reinforced sort of put me on overdrive.”Now Metzger, Margalit and Sironi have released their full model, based mostly on explaining the ins and outs of the first repeater. Imagine a magnetar, a city-sized neutron star forged in a supernova only a few years or decades earlier, its surface roiling and churning. Like the sun on a bad day, this young magnetar releases occasional flares that blast out electrons, positrons and maybe heavier ions at near the speed of light.When this material launches, it runs into older particles vomited out during previous flares. Where the new ejecta meets the older debris, it piles up into a shock, inside which magnetic fields soar. As the shock presses outward, the electrons inside gyrate around along magnetic field lines, and that motion produces a burst of radio waves. That signal then shifts from higher to lower frequencies as the shock slows. (And presumably, far away and eons later, Earth’s astronomers get a very exciting email alert from radio telescopes.) Radio astronomers soon pinpointed its origin to a small, misshapen dwarf galaxy. Trying to squeeze out every clue from these radio signals, they found that it came from a dense region of plasma gripped by extreme magnetic fields. They also found that the burst was surrounded by a fainter, constant radio glow. And last November, the astronomer Jason Hessels (with Spitler and others) noticed something else strange: Each split-second burst actually contains a few sub-bursts that, without fail, shift downward from higher to lower radio frequencies. The model favors, but doesn’t require, a magnetar as the source of the explosions. A magnetar is a young neutron star that sometimes burps out charged particles in a supersize version of the coronal mass ejections that erupt on the sun. Each new blast plows into the surrounding clutter. When it does, it creates a shock wave, which in turn beams a short, laserlike flash of radio waves halfway across the universe.“In just very general terms, this makes a ton of sense,” said James Cordes, an astrophysicist at Cornell University, adding that while further details still need to be worked out, “I would say it’s a good horse to bet on.”What the astronomers really like, though, is that Metzger’s theory generates very specific predictions for what future FRBs should look like, predictions that will soon be put to make-or-break tests. A new Canadian radio telescope called CHIME is expected to find between one and 10 FRBs each day after it becomes fully operational later this year. During initial testing last summer it detected a baker’s dozen of the bursts, results that were published in January. “I think that over the next year or so we’ll be able to test this very well,” said Shriharsh Tendulkar, an astrophysicist at McGill University and a member of CHIME’s FRB team.At Shock Wave SpeedThe theory developed by Metzger and his colleagues Ben Margalit and Lorenzo Sironi builds on the biggest break in the FRB case so far. In 2016, a team led by Laura Spitler at the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, published their results on the first-ever FRB known to repeat. Previously, each event had been a one-off. As a consequence, astronomers were unable to track down where they were in the sky, so while they suspected FRBs came from far beyond our galaxy, they knew nothing about where. But this one blared out burst after enigmatic burst at unpredictable intervals. Between this past Christmas and New Year’s Day, Brian Metzger realized he had his home to himself—no emails coming in, no classes to teach—and maybe, just maybe, the glimmer of an answer to one of astronomy’s most stubborn mysteries.He chased hard after the lead, worried a little error could unravel everything or that someone else would put together the same pieces first. “You’re racing a little bit against the clock, because other people probably see this as well,” said Metzger, an astrophysicist at Columbia University. “It can kind of become all-consuming.”Along with scores of other researchers around the world, Metzger has spent the last few years brainstorming ways to understand fast radio bursts (FRBs). These are millisecond-long blips of intense and unexplained radio signals that pop up all over the sky, temporarily outshining radio pulsars in our galaxy despite being perhaps a million times farther away. Before 2013, many astrophysicists doubted that they even existed. In the years since, researchers have invented dozens of possible explanations for what might be causing them. One catalog counts 48 separate theories, a tally that until recently outnumbered the events themselves.An FRB theory needs two parts, roughly akin to a suspect and a weapon in a cosmic game of Clue. The suspect is an astrophysical beast that can unleash vast sums of energy. The weapon is something that will transform that energy into a bright, head-scratchingly unusual radio signal.Now Metzger and his colleagues think they have reconstructed the crime scene. Earlier this month they released a paper on the scientific preprint site arxiv.org that sketched out a way for FRBs to arise from explosions in regions of space cluttered with dense clouds of particles and magnetic fields. 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Related posts:Neil Young vows Starbucks boycott over GMOs San José’s newest coffee shop – on wheels Lana Del Rey evokes classic singers in dark ‘Honeymoon’ Rolling Stones to tour Latin America Facebook Comments Pop icon Alanis Morissette teamed up with Costa Rican percussionist and Latin Grammy winner Carlos ‘Tapado” Vargas to release over the weekend the song “The Morning,” along with an accompanying video recorded for the upcoming documentary “A Small Section of the World,” scheduled to premiere at DOC NYC Festival on Nov. 14 before its release in theaters in December.The documentary tells the story of a group of Costa Rican women from Biolley (ASOMOBI), a rural area in the southern Pacific canton of Buenos Aires, whose ideas sparked a revolution in the coffee growing world.“After a crisis, the men of the village left in search of work and the women came together to imagine a different future for themselves, their families and their community by building their own coffee mill. They are the first women’s run micro-mill in their country,” the documentary’s official website states.See the trailer for “A Small Section of the World”: Vargas, a member of the renowned Costa Rican bands Editus and Malpaís, co-wrote the song for the documentary and recorded with 16 Costa Rican musicians, including Editus’ Edín Solís. He used coffee beans and other tools used in coffee processing to create percussive elements for the track.The song was commissioned by Italian coffee giant Illy and is now available for purchase on iTunes.“By downloading ‘The Morning,’ you are helping to enrich the lives of women looking to educate and empower themselves in the world of coffee,” a message posted on the documentary’s website states. “Proceeds from every song purchase are matched by the Ernesto Illy Foundation and then go directly towards providing scholarships for women around the world to earn a master’s degree in coffee and economic sciences and expanding the programs available to women,” the message adds.“I just basically live for the feminine being and beauty — really talking about it and extolling the virtues of the feminine being celebrated in men and women alike,” Morissette told entertainment magazine The Hollywood Reporter, referring to the collaboration.Directed by Lesley Chilcott, producer of renowned documentaries such as “Waiting for Superman,” and “An Inconvenient Truth,” “A Small Section of the World” will open in U.S. theaters on Dec. 5.Recommended: Teaching pride in rural livingWatch a video clip for Alanis Morissette’s “The Morning,” featuring Costa Rican percussionist Tapado Vargas:
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